The fierce resistance given by Rai’s of Sindh compelled the invading Arabs to venture northwards towards the region Kabul and Zabul in AD643.Here they met an equally formidable enemy: The Hindu Shahi rulers of Kabul.
Origion of the Shahi rulers
|Shahi dynasty on the eve of muslim invasion AD 625|
Note: Shahis is the title adopted by the dude to the popular usage of the name in the region. The term Hindu Shahi was a royal title of this dynasty and not its actual clan or ethnological name. Al-Biruni used the title Shah for many other contemporary royal houses in his descriptions as well.
Maharajadhiraj Jayapal (964 to 1001 AD):
Jayapala and Sabukgin:
Jayapala and Mahmud of Ghazni:
" ( Jaypala) was perhaps the last Indian ruler to show such spirit of aggression, so sadly lacking in later Rajput kings."
"The Hindu Shahiya dynasty is now extinct, and of the whole house there is no longer the slightest remnant in existence. We must say that, in all their grandeur, they never slackened in the ardent desire of doing that which is good and right, that they were men of noble sentiment and noble bearing."